Archive for the Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Category

Beautiful Bighorn Canyon NRA

Posted in Art, Artist Residency, Drawing, flora and fauna, historic sites, Inspiring People, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, National Parks, Personal History, Soul Food, Wanderings, wild creatures, Woodblock Printing with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on March 23, 2016 by WanderArtist

One awesome benefit of being awarded artist residencies in national parks is discovering and falling in love with new places! This recently happened to us at Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area in Montana/Wyoming. We stayed at historic Ewing-Snell Ranch about twenty miles north of the Park Visitor Center in Lovell, WY. There are numerous visually and historically interesting structures at Bighorn, with Ewing-Snell being the one continually inhabited until most recently. Many of the ranch buildings have been lovingly restored over the last 30 years. Until this past autumn Ewing-Snell was the only one still used as a residence by the park service and it was provided to us as part of the artist residency. Sadly, the ranch burned to the ground on December 9, 2015. We feel very fortunate to have stayed at this wonderfully restored historic building, and we are extremely sad that it is gone.

With my parents, who were visiting from Lincoln, Nebraska, we had the amazing experience of watching the supermoon eclipse from the porch of Ewing-Snell Ranch. Since no street lights were visible in any direction we enjoyed a clear and open view of the moon as it put on an amazing show, rising heavenward over the vast expanse of park land. It is truly a memory we will cherish for the rest of our lives. In light of the burning to the ground of the ranch merely weeks later, we had only an inkling of how truly lucky we were to be there at that moment in time.

Ewing-Snell porch

Ewing-Snell porch

Over the course of our two week stay at Bighorn I worked on a woodblock print representing one perspective of the park. It was not an easy place to narrow down to merely one image simple enough for a woodblock print… So many interesting cabins, canyons, horses, bighorn sheep, mountains and vast panoramic vistas! We visited all of the historic ranches, and saw many of the wild horses that live in the canyon and the Pryor Mountains that flank the western edge of the park… we wandered up into the Bighorn Mountains on the eastern edge of the park where we witnessed the ranchers herding their livestock down the mountain from summer grazing on Forest Service lands. We also had the humbling experience of spending several hours transfixed by the amazingly tangible energy at an ancient power spot called Medicine Wheel. Bighorn Canyon and its surrounding area is a very magical and humbling place. Stay tuned for a future posting about this amazing place.

Lockhart Ranch and its owner, Caroline Lockhart, held my attention early in our visit. Lockhart was probably the talk of the town (small as it was) when she bought land and began ranching in the Dryhead region (now part of Bighorn Canyon NRA). One of the quotes from this city slicker and author/newspaper owner about living there was “My job is writing books and the last thing I had in mind when I came to the Dryhead was filing on land or engaging in the cattle business, and certainly not locating in a country where a fresh track in the main-travelled road is an event.” Though likely scandalous to some she never married, and she surely enjoyed being the person in charge – of her ranch and of her own destiny.

Lockhart apparently never planned to own a ranch but bought L/♥ (her brand) in 1926 when the owner defaulted on a loan she had made to him. The ranch was then just 160 acres but she expanded it to over 6,000 by 1952 when she finally decided to make Cody, Wyoming her permanent home. She raised cattle, kept a lover at times, wrote books and made an excellent living on the ranch. Truly an inspiration for the liberated woman!

As part of my Find Your Park Through Art weekend at Bighorn Canyon a handful of artists joined together to offer workshops and to hike, paint, photograph and draw together in some of the interesting sites in the park. I met some lifelong friends while working together to create a fun and informative weekend for participants. Painter Stephanie Rose led a workshop at Ewing-Snell on plein air painting, and Photographer Marilyn Feather led a sunrise trip to photograph the canyon with other participants. Both were full of energy, freely dispensing tips and sharing knowledge of their subjects, and were truly a pleasure to work with. Marilyn even shared Ewing-Snell with us for about four nights, dodging the local black bear and enjoying the comforts of a wonderfully remote home base.

I led a group into Hillsboro Ranch to draw, photograph and paint on the final morning of the Find Your Park Through Art weekend. Although my Bighorn woodblock print depicts a building at Lockhart Ranch, Hillsboro wound up being a favorite place, mainly for the variety of interesting structures, but also because of the stories of mountain lions seen in the canyon. When our group arrived at the ranch we soon discovered a domestic cat that had somehow made its way to this remote spot and was very happy for our attention. When we left Hillsboro that day one of the group members, realizing that the kitty could easily end up as a cougar snack, decided to adopt her and a few of us happily took turns carrying her out to the trailhead. We were all relieved to get her away from the wild creatures! Blackpaw now leads a happy life with as much food and love as any cat could hope for!

After our day at Hillsboro we returned to Ewing-Snell where I did a demonstration of woodblock printing for an inquisitive group. As I said, we fell in love with Bighorn Canyon and the surrounding mountains, and we hope to return and explore for a longer time in the future. I only regret that we will not be able to stay at Ewing-Snell Ranch again. This blog post is dedicated to the park staff who spent many hours lovingly restoring all of the buildings at Bighorn. We all appreciate your efforts and expertise, and we too were very sad to learn of the demise of this special historic gem.

Mission Santa Barbara

Posted in American Indian, California, California Missions, Central Coast, historic sites, Junipero Serra, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Local Roaming, Santa Barbara, Wanderings with tags , , , , , , , , , , , on January 7, 2015 by WanderArtist

While wandering through the lovely city of Santa Barbara, in southern California, it would be very difficult to overlook the alluring architecture of Mission Santa Barbara. The historic building is beautifully preserved and reflects the SoCal light wonderfully throughout the day. The mission’s graveyard holds the remains of over 4,000 Chumash Indians, and the interior architecture is captivating… But the cemetery and inner spaces will have to wait for a later blog installment. For this article I will focus primarily on the outside of the building… This beautiful structure has caught our attention for years and we eventually realized it had to be captured at sunrise in order to do it justice. As we arrived at 7 AM we were given the gift of a gorgeous, crystal clear, peaceful morning to contemplate the details and the grandeur of the mission.

The original chapel was constructed by Chumash-Barbareño Indian labor in 1786. It was founded by Padre Fermín Lasuén as the tenth Spanish mission in the Franciscan order for the religious conversion of the local American Indians. Interestingly, this is the only mission founded by the Franciscan Friars to remain under their leadership since its founding. There is so much violence and sacrifice in the story of the building of the missions and the associated efforts by the Spanish to convert the native people of California. I will not dwell on that bloody and divisive history except to say that I am deeply saddened by the practices of the Spanish during that era, which contributed very significantly to the destruction of the cultures that occupied these lands for generations prior to the Europeans’ arrival.

Friar in the garden courtyard, Mission Santa Barbara, 1917

Friar in the garden courtyard, Mission Santa Barbara, 1917. Photo courtesy of the Library of Congress Prints & Photographs Division

The early mission chapel was destroyed by an earthquake in 1812. The chapel was rebuilt and dedicated in 1820, and again ravaged by earthquake in 1925. The structure that greets us today was constructed in 1927 and 1953.

After indulging our minds’ eye with the captivating facade and mission grounds/gardens we began to explore more deeply, discovering the outlying, very old structures built by the Indians and associated with the mission. Aside from the main structure there are many intriguing features and water works…

SBmission30

SBmission29

California State Historic Landmark #309 reads:
“Santa Barbara Mission was founded December 4, 1786. Portions of five units of its extensive water works, built by Indian labor, are preserved in this park – a filter house, Spanish grist mill, sections of aqueducts, and two reservoirs. The larger reservoir, built in 1806, is used today as part of the city water system. Ruins of the pottery kiln and tanning vats are here, also. The fountain and lavadero are nearby in front of the Old Mission. A dam, built in 1807, is located in the Santa Barbara Botanic Garden, one and one-half miles up Mission Canyon.”

Mission Santa Barbara itself certainly has an interesting history, and it has housed since 1833 an extensive archive of approximately 3,000 original documents culled from throughout the California mission system. There is a lot of information, history and lore about this mission available on the web for those who wish to learn more… here we chose to focus on a visit to this historic site early one winter morning. We hope you enjoy our visual journey and that it stimulates you to delve deeper into the history of this gorgeous structure.

 

Ancient Images on Red Rock

Posted in flora and fauna, historic sites, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, petroglyphs, Southwestern US, Wanderings with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , on December 3, 2014 by WanderArtist

Zion National Park is an amazing place… With so much beauty in the form of stone, water, flora and fauna, it is simply one of my favorite places in the world. One can spend weeks in Zion exploring different hikes and canyons every day, yet barely scratch the surface of what the place has to offer. Visitors often associate the park with only the main canyon and the north fork of the Virgin River. Popular hikes in Zion Canyon include Angels Landing and Weeping Rock. Historic Zion Park Lodge is also located in the main canyon. The first lodge, which was built in the 1920s and burned down in 1966, was speedily rebuilt that year to accommodate guests as soon as possible. That replacement was remodeled in 1990 to more closely resemble the original. It does not have the grand facade of larger national park hotels, like the Yellowstone Lodge, blending instead into the landscape of the narrow canyon in a subtly pleasing way.

UnionPacificMotorCoachesZionLodge-ca1929

Union Pacific Motor Coaches at the original Zion Lodge, ca. 1929, photo courtesy of the Library of Congress archives

Though I truly love the main canyon, and sites like the Temple of Sinewava framed by the gorgeous cottonwood trees that thrive there, when hiking and exploring I prefer wandering the canyons on the east side of Zion. There are sublime sights in the east canyons that include the Desert Bighorn Sheep, reintroduced to the park in the early 70’s and now thriving. Because it is such a vast and enthralling area, too immense to cover in a blog entry, I will focus here on just one  hike, one of hundreds of very interesting places within the park.

With the many amazing hikes, washes, iron intrusions, canyons, hoodoos, autumn trees, rivers and slot canyons commanding one’s attention, it is easy to simply pass by the small spaces, including the signs of human life from long ago. Even those who have often visited Zion National Park may not have seen the petroglyph panels in the eastern section along the Zion – Mount Carmel Highway.  According to some folks there are hundreds of rock art sites in Zion, but this area is likely the most well-known and easiest to access from the road. The panels are found by walking through a beautiful stone culvert along a wash, and are guarded by extremely tall pine trees. This site is commonly referred to as Petroglyph Canyon. (You can find more specific information about location by searching the web.)

STONE-FACED BOX CULVERT

Historic image of a stone-faced culvert in Zion, similar to the one along the stream near the rock art panel. Courtesy of Library of Congress archives

IMG_2144

IMG_2138

The wall itself is at least 100 feet tall – nearly plum, vertical, red rock ~ pocked with erosion and framed by scrub maples and tall pines. The petroglyphs may be as old as 7,000 years, as human habitation has been traced back that far in the Zion area to ancient Puebloan people (Anasazi and Fremont) as well as ancestors of the Southern Paiute. The petroglyphs found on these rocks were likely made by some or all of these groups over generations.

IMG_2141

IMG_2133

There is very little protection for this site but for a general policy of secrecy – just a simple and low wooden fence, and signs warning about consequences of damaging the petroglyphs. Graffiti is present, but not as bad as at some sites I have explored in the southwest. This panel is not a secret, but there are no signs leading visitors to the wall, nor will most Rangers give directions to visitors… Some sites in the park are closed due to vandalism. Sad.

Gazing at the images one can’t help but wonder what they meant to the people creating them… Was it deeper than ‘mere doodling’? Is there meaning tied to sun and moon cycles like other rock art sites in the southwest? What might we find for shadows and light on the spiral below if we returned on a solstice?

I can’t help but imagine the people pecking these images into the walls, with perhaps their family and friends watching them from nearby ~ what were the others doing while the image creators worked? Crafting sandals? Foraging? Preparing food? Or was this conducted in secret, with just a chosen few working on the symbols as perhaps part of a prayer to benefit the group? The time taken to make them was so precious for ancient people in a life that was relatively short and full of very hard work. My own feeling is that these creations hold a depth of meaning we may never fully comprehend.

Heroes

Posted in Ideas, Inspiring People, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Soul Food with tags , , , , , , , , , , on March 20, 2014 by WanderArtist

Amelia Earhart, 1936

I had heroes as a child… they changed often and had more to do with my interests at the moment than any lifetime guidance. For example, during the few years I played soccer in middle school I really looked up to Brazilian football player Pelé. But, it was in my twenties when I truly discovered Amelia Earhart, Georgia O’Keeffe, Edward Abbey, Frida Kahlo… people whose lives I could really sink my teeth into! And from whom I could glean some strength, guidance, inspiration.

Frida Kahlo, 1931

Frida Kahlo, 1931

Many of my heroes have been women who were pioneers and leaders during times when they were encouraged by society to sink into the background, discouraged from following their dreams. I have never really sat down to create a list of those who motivate, guide, strengthen me – until now. However, this is an incomplete list of some highlights in my walk of fame! I could go on in many more blog posts about so many others. The abiding truths to me are – do they inspire me? Do their actions and words stretch my thinking, fill my heart, awaken gratitude, creativity, or even conscience? Fame is not a requirement, I find daily inspiration from my friends and family, from unknown and unnamed humans striving to live a meaningful life.

Louisa May Alcott, 1858

Louisa May Alcott, 1858

Louisa May Alcott was a writer and single woman her entire life. She shrugged off the expectations of society and made a living for herself and her family at a time when women were not even allowed to vote. Alcott wrote Little Women to help support her family, and, upon hearing of the death of her brother-in-law, immediately sat down to begin writing Little Men. She knew her sister and family would require extra support, and Alcott turned to the best way she knew to provide such succor. Another aspect of her character that I find especially intriguing and motivating is that she was a runner… yes, in those voluminous 1860s skirts!

Julia Morgan, 1896

Julia Morgan, 1896

A visit to Hearst Castle in California netted me a new hero in Architect Julia Morgan. Julia Morgan was an extraordinary person – one of the first women to graduate from UC Berkeley, and the first to be admitted and earn a degree from the Ecole Nationale et Speciale des Beaux-Arts in Paris. She opened her architecture firm in 1904 in San Francisco. Hearst hired Morgan to begin work on his estate in San Simeon in 1919. Morgan was the right person for the job. To me, the detail of workmanship, the sturdy quality of the structures (built on the earthquake prone hills of the California coast), and the aesthetic layout speak for themselves. Hearst Castle is extreme in it’s opulence, but is still very pleasing to the eye, incorporates lovely natural beauty, and an ergonomic design – before the word was even invented.

Vinnie Ream, Sculptress

Lavinia Ellen Ream Hoxie (1847-1914) was born in Wisconsin and moved with her family to Washington, DC in 1861. There she eventually worked as a clerk in the dead letter office – one of the first women to work for the federal government. By her late teens she had created numerous portrait sculptures and even had President Lincoln model for her by the time she was seventeen. In an 1866 vote in Congress she was commissioned to create a full sized marble sculpture of Lincoln, now in the US Capitol rotunda. She also designed the first free-standing sculpture of a Native American. The likeness of Sequoyah is in the Statuary Hall at the Capitol.

Edward Abbey

Edward Abbey

And now I come to Edward Abbey. As soon as I read Desert Solitaire I was hooked on his wonderful love of the west and of wilderness. His poetry of place moves me still and I am continually heartened by his embrace of wilderness and of our wild nature. I’ll end with one of my favorite quotes from Abbey,

“One final paragraph of advice: do not burn yourselves out. Be as I am – a reluctant enthusiast… a part-time crusader, a half-hearted fanatic. Save the other half of yourselves and your lives for pleasure and adventure. It is not enough to fight for the land; it is even more important to enjoy it. While you can. While it’s still here. So get out there and hunt and fish and mess around with your friends, ramble out yonder and explore the forests, climb the mountains, bag the peaks, run the rivers, breathe deep of that yet sweet and lucid air, sit quietly for a while and contemplate the precious stillness, the lovely, mysterious, and awesome space. Enjoy yourselves, keep your brain in your head and your head firmly attached to the body, the body active and alive, and I promise you this much; I promise you this one sweet victory over our enemies, over those desk-bound men and women with their hearts in a safe deposit box, and their eyes hypnotized by desk calculators. I promise you this; You will outlive the bastards.”

Among The Faces – A Sculptress

Posted in Inspiring People, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Museum with tags , , , on December 19, 2013 by WanderArtist

Photographs and prints from the Library of Congress can often yield some interesting surprises. This time I explored the Brady-Handy Collection, purchased from Alice H. Cox and Mary H. Evans – the daughters of Levin C. Handy by the Library of Congress in 1954. The collection includes some 10,000 images, the majority being Civil War and post-Civil War portraits. In my wanderings I barely scratched the surface, and I stopped looking when I came across an especially interesting photo of Vinnie Reams… More on her later.

The photographs were taken by Levin C. Handy (1855-1932), who apprenticed at the age of twelve to his uncle – famed Civil War photographer Mathew B. Brady (1822-1896). The Handy studio was situated in Washington, DC in a location Mathew Brady himself worked in the 1890s.

This collection includes shots of President Roosevelt in his younger years, and a portrait of Belle Boyd (1843-1900) a spy for the Confederate Army. Her nickname was Cleopatra of the Secession for her efforts at gleaning information through her charm, despite the fact that she was under surveillance by the Union Army. Of the officer she charmed into revealing secrets she once wrote, “To him, I am indebted for some very remarkable effusions, some withered flowers, and a great deal of important information.” For her contributions to the Confederate war effort she was awarded the Southern Cross of Honor.

Notable is the portrait of Mrs. Sartoris with baby for it’s unusual perspective… And for those who appreciate creative facial hair I have included Oliver Halstead and M. Davis. Another image that caught my eye is a wonderful portrait of the Senator Hiram Rhodes Revels (1827-1901), the first black person ever to sit in Congress. He was a minister of the African Methodist Episcopal Church who served as a chaplain in the Civil War. A fellow Congressman, John R. Lynch, asserts that it was a prayer Revels gave in the Mississippi state legislature that got him elected to the US Senate. Lynch said, “That prayer—one of the most impressive and eloquent prayers that had ever been delivered in the Senate Chamber—made Revels a United States Senator. He made a profound impression upon all who heard him. It impressed those who heard it that Revels was not only a man of great natural ability but that he was also a man of superior attainments.” We’ll have to keep digging to find a transcript of the prayer itself!

The photograph and story that stopped me in my tracks was of artist Vinnie Ream. Lavinia Ellen Ream Hoxie (1847-1914) was born in Wisconsin and moved with her family to Washington, DC in 1861. There she eventually worked as a clerk in the dead letter office – one of the first women to work for the federal government. By her late teens she had created numerous portrait sculptures and even had President Lincoln model for her by the time she was seventeen. In an 1866 vote in Congress she was commissioned to create a full sized marble sculpture of Lincoln, now in the US Capitol rotunda. She also designed the first free-standing sculpture of a Native American. The likeness of Sequoyah is in the Statuary Hall at the Capitol.

The Carpenter Collection

Posted in Inspiring People, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , on November 21, 2013 by WanderArtist

In exploring the Library of Congress collection of images on the web I recently came across a very interesting and surprisingly deep archive of photographs taken by a father/daughter duo, Frank and Frances Carpenter. Frank was a writer and the photographs were taken to illustrate his articles and books. He wrote and lectured on geography topics as well as authoring his own collection of travel books titled Carpenter’s World Travels. Frances also was a writer, geographer and had a strong interest in other cultures.

The Frank and Frances Carpenter Collection consists of 1,000s of photographs produced and gathered by Frank G. Carpenter (1855-1924) and his daughter Frances (1890-1972) and donated upon the death of Frances in 1972. According to the Library of Congress Carpenter’s works helped popularize cultural anthropology and geography in the early years of the twentieth century.

From the Library of Congress description of the collection,

Born in Mansfield, Ohio, Frank G. Carpenter (1855-1924) became a journalist, photographer, world traveler, and the author of books on geography. His wanderlust resulted in articles and books that informed American readers about life in other countries and enabled him to accumulate an impressive range of visual documentation.

Carpenter began his writing career as a journalist and his assignments fueled his compilation of images from around the world. After graduating from the University of Wooster (Ohio) in 1877, Carpenter began newspaper work as the Columbus, Ohio, correspondent for the Cleveland Leader newspaper. He got a taste of life abroad as a foreign correspondent for that paper in 1881. In 1882 his work for the Cleveland Leader took him to Washington, D.C., where he was the paper’s Washington correspondent until 1888, writing a regular column on life in “Carp’s Washington.” He also did work for the American Press Association starting in 1885 and the New York World in 1887. Carpenter collected enough assignments with newspaper syndicates and Cosmopolitan Magazine to pay for a trip around the world in 1888-1889. He was charged with sending a “letter” each week to twelve periodicals, describing life in the countries to which he traveled. He continued to travel extensively, logging 25,000 miles in South America in 1898, and later doing letter-writing tours of Central America, South America, and Europe.

A Fellow of the Royal Geographic Society, the National Press Club, and numerous scientific societies, Carpenter published widely on travel and authored the Carpenter’s Geographic Readers, standard texts used in American schools for forty years. His writings helped popularize cultural anthropology and geography.

Carpenter’s globetrotting did not preclude his having a family and sinking roots in the Washington, D.C., area. He married Joanna Condict in 1883, and they had two children. His real estate holdings in Washington, D.C., made him a millionaire.

Frank Carpenter died in Nanking, China, in 1924 at age 69, on his third trip around the world.

Frances Carpenter (1890-1972) began accompanying her father Frank on his travels as both secretary and photographer upon her graduation from Smith College in 1912. She co-authored a number of books with him including The Clothes We Wear (1926) and The Foods We Eat (1926). She later edited the articles her father had written in the 1880s about life in Washington, D.C., resulting in the publication, Carp’sWashington (1960).

Inheriting her father’s interest in cultures outside the U.S., Frances Carpenter became an author and geographer in her own right. She wrote of foreign legends and peoples for a youthful audience in books such as Our Neighbors Near and Far (1933) and Tales of A Russian Grandmother (1933). Not only do the books reflect the knowledge Frances gained through her travels, but a few also include illustrations she chose from the Carpenter collection. Frances Carpenter was a Fellow of the Royal Geographic Society and Vice President of the International Society of Women Geographers.

She married W. Chapin Huntington, the commercial attaché at the American Embassy in Paris. As Mrs. W. Chapin Huntington she presented the Carpenter collection to the Library of Congress in 1951 and continued to donate material until her death in 1972.

John Brown’s Farm

Posted in Adirondacks, flora and fauna, historic sites, Inspiring People, Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Local Roaming, Wanderings with tags , , , , , , , , , on August 6, 2013 by WanderArtist

On a beautiful summer day I recently visited a favorite spot in the Adirondack Mountains in North Elba (near Lake Placid) for a walk back in time. Abolitionist John Brown once farmed here and his old homestead is now a New York State Historic site. John Brown and two of his sons bought the property in 1849 in order to establish a farm for freed slaves. He is best known for seizing the federal arsenal at Harpers Ferry in 1859 in hopes of using the weapons to lead an armed slave revolt. It was not a successful raid and he and four others were tried and hanged for the crime. He is buried at the farm along with an estimated eleven of the 21 men who participated in the raid at Harpers Ferry. Ten men in Brown’s group were killed and they killed four in the raid.

Incidentally, the fort was recaptured by a company of Marines under the command of Colonel Robert E. Lee of the United States Army. Owen Brown, John’s third son, escaped capture and eventually served as an officer in the Union Army during the Civil War. He died at the age of 64 in Pasadena, CA – where it is said that 2,000 mourners marched at his funeral.

JohnBrownLibCon

Photograph of John Brown from Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C.

John Brown was raised by his father to believe that slavery was a sin against God. Through his struggle in opposing armed pro-slavery advocates in Kansas he came to believe that pacifism was not going to lead to the freedom of slaves in the United States, only armed rebellion. He hoped for a relatively bloodless rebellion and would have been appalled at the toll the Civil War took in human lives.

HarpersFerryInsurrection

Engraving of the Harpers Ferry Insurrection from Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C.

DSCN2223

The ornate iron fence surrounding the graveyard at John Brown’s Farm

IMG_1207

IMG_1206_2“His soul goes marching on”

IMG_1208_2

Erected in May 1935 this eight foot tall sculpture depicts Brown walking with a young former slave. The New York Herald Tribune stated at the time that over “1,500 people, many of them Negro pilgrims to the last resting place of John Brown, crowded about the statue.” for the unveiling.

John_Brown's_grave_-_1896_S_R_Stoddard

Above is a Seneca Ray Stoddard photograph of the graveyard taken in 1896. It was not until a few years after this photo was taken that John Brown’s son, Oliver and the remains of eight or nine other men from his group (killed in the raid) were moved to this site from a shallow grave at Harpers Ferry.

IMG_1211_2

The two plaques give (on left) a brief life history of John Brown and a listing of those buried here with him, erected in 1916… The tablet on the right pays tribute to the women of the Brown family who made their own sacrifices in the name of freedom, erected in 1946.

IMG_1210

The above headstone has five names inscribed and was originally carved for the grandfather of the abolitionist – Captain John Brown who died in1776 while serving in the Continental Army (buried in Connecticut) – his headstone was replaced and his grandson had this old one sent to his farm in North Elba in 1858. It now serves as the headstone for John Brown and three of his sons – Frederick (who died and was buried in Kansas in 1856), Oliver and Watson. Brown requested that his name and those of Oliver and Watson be carved on the stone on the morning of his execution… OLIVER BROWN Born Mar. 9, 1839, was Killed at Harpers Ferry Oct. 17, 1859  WATSON BROWN Born Oct. 7, 1835, was wounded at Harpers Ferry Oct. 17 & Died Oct. 19, 1859

IMG_1215_2

The handsome iron fence, beyond it you can see the headstones and a large boulder with the two bronze plaques.

IMG_1220_2

IMG_1216_2

The Brown home was open for tours on this summer day. On the left and right you can see scaffolding… The cedar shingle roof was being replaced, the property is very well-kept. It’s a great place for a walk or cross country ski on the two mile loop trail wandering through the woods beyond the pond and out buildings.

IMG_1222_2

IMG_1232_2

The photo above was taken looking back toward the house (at left) and the gravesite and iron fence. In the far right are the ski jumps built for the 1980 Winter Olympics in Lake Placid.

IMG_1235

A handsome out-building at the farm

IMG_1229_2

These berries were plentiful at the start of the walking trail

IMG_1239_2

IMG_1240

The leaf canopy looked to me like gorgeous stained glass

DSCN2263

A feather found along the way

For much more detailed information about the headstones and memorials at John Brown’s Farm check out this genealogy website  http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~frgen/essex/north_elba/john_brown.htm

John Brown was ahead of his time, and was not afraid to take action to defend the freedom of all men. He felt that armed insurrection was the only way to end slavery in the United States. Historians agree that his raid on Harpers Ferry led to tensions that precipitated the secession of southern states and eventually to the US Civil War.

“Had I interfered in the manner which I admit, and which I admit has been fairly proved (for I admire the truthfulness and candor of the greater portion of the witnesses who have testified in this case), had I so interfered in behalf of the rich, the powerful, the intelligent, the so-called great, or in behalf of any of their friends, either father, mother, brother, sister, wife, or children, or any of that class, and suffered and sacrificed what I have in this interference, it would have been all right; and every man in this court would have deemed it an act worthy of reward rather than punishment.

This court acknowledges, as I suppose, the validity of the law of God. I see a book kissed here which I suppose to be the Bible, or at least the New Testament. That teaches me that all things whatsoever I would that men should do to me, I should do even so to them. It teaches me, further, to “remember them that are in bonds, as bound with them.” I endeavored to act up to that instruction. I say, I am yet too young to understand that God is any respecter of persons. I believe that to have interfered as I have done as I have always freely admitted I have done in behalf of His despised poor, was not wrong, but right. Now, if it is deemed necessary that I should forfeit my life for the furtherance of the ends of justice, and mingle my blood further with the blood of my children and with the blood of millions in this slave country whose rights are disregarded by wicked, cruel, and unjust enactments, I submit; so let it be done!”

— Excerpt from a speech given by John Brown in court after his conviction, November 2, 1859

Crittering

Crittering (noun) - the observation of critters in their natural habitat.

Total-Japandemonium

Monster mazes, empty spaces, pretty faces and more!

kelzbelzphotography

My journey - The good, bad and the ugly

Tine Creates

Paintings & Illustrations

annotated audrey art

Desert Artist & Coloring Book Illustrator.

intheseglobalshoes

Where have your shoes been?

When Women Inspire

Highlighting Inspiring Women Around the World

ultimatemindsettoday

A great WordPress.com site

Rate My Artist Residency

Artists Helping Artists

A.I.R. Studio Paducah

An Artist-in-Residence Studio and efficiency apartment located in the Lower Town Arts District of Paducah, Kentucky

Navasota Artists In Residence

A look into the experiences of three artists living, working and exhibiting in the Horlock Art Gallery & History Museum.

Peer to Peer Lending Mag

No fluff, just the cutting-edge US & UK P2P Lending News Daily...

The Homeless Paradise

"I don't just want to survive, I want to thrive... I don't want to die here."

Quartz

Quartz is a digitally native news outlet for the new global economy.

Imagine Rodeo Productions

One cowboy and a tame bucking bull.

jacquierobinsonphotography.wordpress.com/

TRAVEL ❤ PHOTO❤ WRITE ❤ DREAM

retireediary

The Diary of a Retiree

California Ink in Motion

Poems and Spilled Ink

My Life

Exploring new experiences Everyday

The Nomad Notes

Adventure and Travel Blog

thefatmanblog

The fat man v. the food rules

The Good Weigh

A topnotch WordPress.com site

SmoothShooter

Viajes bajo la mirada de una cámara.

petersouthlandphotography

Photography reviews, ramblings, and other things you need to know

Through Open Lens

Home of Lukas Kondraciuk Photography

RAVI AND ALISON

Taking a career break to travel the world!

A Poet in Time

One Poet's Writing Practice

Maybe someone should write that down...

Writerly ways for Family Historians and Storytellers

Game4Learning

Fun Learning Resouces for Kids

Nessa Grace

Relevant Xpressions

Inese Poga: Art and creative discoveries

Power of art relies on the divine in nature

simpletravelourway

Beth and Joe enjoy simple and active travel. They post about their trips, including their travels around the world in 2013-2014. They welcome your comments and suggestions.

Dinosaurs, Science, and Design

Illustration, Design, and Motion Graphics

mejfote

life fashion & more

the radiant poet

Find Art and Beauty in Everything.

Vrykola

그저 당신의 사랑의 씨앗을 지키는 허수아비처럼...

The Tin Whistle

Explorations in lesser-known cracks and crevices of the counterculture.

Day Shift Photography

Photos taken on my days off.

%d bloggers like this: